The creator of the entire complex was Pirro I Visconti Borromeo, who, inspired by the villas of Tuscany around 1585. The Teresian Cadastre (1721) shows how the system of the complex remained essentially unchanged until that date. The Marquis Pompeo Litta inherited the villa in 1750 and carried out a large scenic works of the gardens, multiplying the effects of perspective, creating scenes and backdrops, building from scratch the front of the Nymphaeum.
At the beginning of the nineteenth century, transformed the north / west garden, botanical experiments had great development in the greenhouse until the decline of the Litta family active part in the movements for the unification of Italy, led to the sale of the villa to the State in 1866. The monument, after successive transfers of ownership, in 1932 it was purchased by Alberto Toselli, who made some renovations and reactivated the water features games.
The Second World War marked the total decay of the Villa which lasted until 1971 when it was purchased by the Town Council of Lainate.
The most beautiful park
Category: Public parks
The visit of the building unfolds in a time span from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century; the perfectly preserved interiors reveal frescoed walls and ceilings; mosaic floors and detailed decorations that reveal the visitor the nobility habits of the time.
Court of Honor: Upon entering the main courtyard on the left shows the eighteenth-century stately building in brick. This imposing reduces the value of the older building with two floors and set on a porch architrave supported by columns of pink granite arranged in pairs. The entrance hall on the right side of the coaches gave access to the stables.
Palace of the sixteenth century: From the porch of the sixteenth-century building leads to a staircase that leads upstairs. On the ground floor, across the room to a circular dome on which is painted Mercury, leads to rooms that are on the walls in frescoes on the vaults of the late sixteenth century Lombardy. The frescoes of the time, torn in the early ’70s, have been restored and relocated.
Palace of the eighteenth century or the New Fourth: With the beginning of the eighteenth century the villa of Lainate is enlarged by the Litta family with the addition of the western part of the building in brick in sight. The new building, the height of three floors, has a slight U-shaped plan facing the natural theater, while the side facing the court of honor shall, on the ground floor, a porch with three arches. Inside the building are large rooms that play well with the function which the villa was intended. On the ground floor most of the salt has frescoed ceilings. The main floor features the great Hall of Music, the height of two floors, with beautiful wrought iron balconies for the musicians.
The garden is actually a park of about three acres, was probably from the beginning divided into four compartments marked by green citrus trees in pots. Its expansion and its extension stood on the two main axes (north-south, east-west) along which make significant and costly structural work, where are placed fountains of Neptune and Galatea, built the greenhouses, extended and improved the irrigation system and Water features Games.
On either side of the Exedra with the niche group of sculptures in terracotta of the “Rape of the Sabine or Persephone” are placing two cold greenhouses intended for winter storage of citrus fruits and henceforth two hothouses for exotic species. In 1840 the botanist Linnaeus Tagliabue drawn up the great variety of plants spread around the park: pineapple, banana, coffee, tamarind, palm trees, and even orchids, hibiscus and gardenias.
The complex architecture known as the Nymphaeum consists of a sequence of spaces and rooms were located symmetrically arranged where the art collections of home Borromeo Visconti Litta, paintings, collections of fossils, minerals, coins, holy relics, robots, machine tools, archaeological finds.
This building, built between 1585 and 1589 and designed by Martino Bassi, is rectangular strictly symmetrical.
The south face of the Nymphaeum is decorated with stucco statues; two stone balustrades leading to the atrium of access to the grotto and its octagonal shape is a hub, called the Atrium of the Four Winds.
The Water Games
The visit of outdoor surroundings is still an immediately engaging experience. In fact, entering inside the great Nymphaeum, the visitor is surprised by the “water features games” commissioned by Pirro I Visconti Borromeo, who, in the sixteenth century, wanted to “delight” his guests with this rich texture of artificial caves decorated with stalactites in tufa, shells and semi-precious stones, rooms covered in black and white pebble mosaics or paintings.
The hydraulic system, which caught the brilliant idea of the military engineer Agostino Ramelli, used the mechanics of a well and the hydraulic force of a stream or a waterfall, as commonly happened in “buildings of coolness” of the time.
The galleries and balustrades marching toward the elegant Pronaos, the show spectacular Atrium of the Four Winds, the Hall of the Egg and the caves with their magical caves waiting to reveal malicious visitors as is the case for more than four centuries.
Still active today, the splashing water features please the eye of the curious visitors and show how the nobles used to spend their time in the hot summer days.